The Name Primitive Baptist

The word “primitive” means original or first of the kind. It is one of many names, the church has been called, since it was established by Jesus during his earthly ministry (Matthew 16:18). Other names through history, have been Christians (Acts 11:26). Donatists, Waldenses, Albigense, Anabaptists, Novations, Lollards, and others. The name ‘Primitive” was first used in the early 1830’s when a major division came on the Baptist family. One group advocated a general atonement with salvation by the work of Christ, plus some type of action by the sinner. They came to be known as “New-School” or “Missionary Baptists”. The other group continued holding steadfastly to the doctrine of “Particular Redemption” with salvation entirely by the grace of God through the shed blood of Jesus Christ. They came to be known as “Old School” or “Primitive Baptists”. Therefore, the word “Primitive” denotes the desire, to maintain the identity of the Lord’s church as he established it and it to his disciples.